By David Salomon

ISBN-10: 1848000715

ISBN-13: 9781848000711

Compressing info is an choice clearly chosen while confronted with difficulties of excessive charges or constrained house. Written via a well known professional within the box, this booklet deals readers a succinct, reader-friendly starting place to the manager ways, tools and methods presently hired within the box of knowledge compression.

Part I offers the elemental ways to info compression and describes a couple of renowned recommendations and techniques widespread to compress info. The reader discovers crucial thoughts, equivalent to variable-length and prefix codes, statistical distributions and run-length encoding. half II then concentrates on complicated strategies, similar to mathematics coding, orthogonal transforms, subband transforms and the Burrows-Wheeler transform.

Features:
• transparent review of the rules underlying this field
• Outlines the necessities of a number of the methods to compressing data
• comprises many studying aids reminiscent of: bankruptcy introductions and summaries, chapter-end routines, accomplished thesaurus, etc.
• presents numerous examples of significant compression algorithms
• a great introductory quantity to David Salomon’s fourth version of information Compression: the total Reference

Complete and transparent, this booklet is the appropriate source for undergraduates in laptop technological know-how and calls for not less than arithmetic. it's also perfect for readers with a uncomplicated wisdom of machine technology desirous to find out about facts compression.

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Additional resources for A Concise Introduction to Data Compression

Example text

Dictionary-based compression methods exploit the fact that a typical data file is not random; it features patterns and repetitions. At any point during compression, the input file is divided into two parts, data that has been compressed (this is kept in a data structure called the dictionary) and data that still has to be input and compressed. Assume that the latter part starts with the string of symbols abcd. . The encoder searches the dictionary for this string, and locates the longest match.

N The inequality is satisfied, so such a code is UD. A more interesting example is the case of n symbols where the first one is compressed and the second one is expanded. We set L1 = log2 n − a, L2 = log2 n + e, and L3 = L4 = · · · = Ln = log2 n, where a and e are positive. We show that e > a, which means that compressing a symbol by a factor a requires expanding another symbol by a larger factor. We can benefit from this only if the probability of the compressed symbol is greater than that of the expanded symbol.

The difference between the various dictionary methods is in how they organize and search the dictionary and how they deal with strings not found in the dictionary. A transform is a mathematical operation that changes the representation of a data item. Thus, changing the decimal number 12,345 to the binary 11000000111001 is a transform. Correlated data symbols such as the pixels of an image or the audio samples of a sound file, can be transformed to representations where they require fewer bits. This sounds like getting something for nothing, but in fact there is a price to pay.

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A Concise Introduction to Data Compression by David Salomon


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