By Edward Erwin
More than a century has handed on account that Sigmund Freud started his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there's no consensus approximately his legacy; in its place there's continual war of words not just approximately Freud's acceptance and position in background yet concerning the right criteria to exploit in comparing his thought and therapy.
This booklet develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and offers a complete overview of, and probably ultimate, verdict on Freud's concept and treatment. not like the other review released to this point, it features a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental proof and the correct criteria for analyzing the evidence.
Part I considers the view that Freud's thought can be judged by way of targeted evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common-sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues in contrast view and for the employment of criteria appropriate to causal hypotheses of either the usual and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different matters approximately criteria comparable to the necessity for experimental proof, using placebo controls, the right kind targets of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in reading end result data.
The criteria constructed partly I of the ebook are utilized in half II in comparing the easiest to be had Freudian evidence.
A Bradford Book
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Extra info for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology
He believes that psychoanalytic theory can be used to explain an individual’s conduct, experience, or emotions (206), but it could not do that if 22 Chapter 1 unconscious motives and reasons never made any difference. I may have had an unconscious reason for marrying my wife, but citing it does not explain what I did if I acted solely because of a different reason. In general, it is inconsistent to say that I did X because of reason or motive Y, and yet Y made no difference at all to what I did.
If Nagel agrees that even in simple cases the warrant for a causal inference is provided by certain empirical presuppositions, then our disagreement lies elsewhere. He holds that intuitive credibility can decide if it is legitimate to extend his principle to Freudian cases. I have argued, in opposition, that this is not enough: We need empirical evidence to decide if the required empirical presuppositions are met, and that evidence is lacking. , Cavell 1993). I discuss this position further in chapter 3 (pp.
Nagel bases his second claim, that experimentation is generally unnecessary for the justiªcation of Freudian hypotheses, on a view about the justiªcation of commonsense psychological explanations and about Freudian theory being an extension of commonsense psychology. In speaking of an extension of commonsense psychology, one might mean that Freudian theory gains credibility from the empirical evidence supporting commonsense claims. , go far beyond common sense; in many cases, common sense and Freudian psychology are at war with each other.
A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology by Edward Erwin