By Alan Timberlake

ISBN-10: 0511164467

ISBN-13: 9780511164460

This textbook describes and systematizes all facets of the grammar of Russian--including styles of orthography, sounds, inflection, syntax, tense-aspect-mood, notice order, and intonation. it truly is particularly taken with the which means of combos of phrases (constructions) and the center inspiration is that of the predicate heritage (a checklist of the states of entities via time and throughout possibilities). utilizing predicate histories, the e-book provides an built-in account of the semantics of verbs, nouns, case, and element. it's going to attract scholars, students and language execs attracted to Russian.

Show description

Read or Download A Reference Grammar of Russian (Reference Grammars) PDF

Similar textbook books

Legal Ethics - download pdf or read online

Felony Ethics, moment version covers, intimately, the entire severe criminal ethics matters and ideas, but additionally engages the reader by means of pertaining to techniques with present occasions surrounding recognized figures similar to invoice Clinton, Richard Nixon, invoice Gates, Martha Stewart, Dr. Phil, and Mike Nifong and the Duke Lacrosse crew.

Andrea A. Lunsford's The Everyday Writer with 2009 MLA and 2010 APA Updates PDF

Click on the following to determine extra concerning the 2009 MLA Updates and the 2010 APA Updates. scholars write on a daily basis and far and wide -- for faculty, for paintings, and for enjoyable. and no-one else within the box of composition knows the genuine international of pupil writing larger than Andrea A. Lunsford. Her trademark recognition to rhetorical selection, language and magnificence, and significant considering and argument -- in accordance with years of expertise as a researcher and lecture room instructor -- make "The daily Writer" the tabbed guide that may speak scholars via each writing state of affairs.

Download e-book for iPad: Critical Thinking (11th Edition) by Richard G. Parker, Brooke Noel Moore

The 1st built-in software designed in particular for the severe pondering path, Moore & Parker's severe considering teaches scholars the abilities they want which will imagine for themselves - abilities they'll name upon during this direction, in different university classes, and on the earth that awaits. The authors' useful and available strategy illustrates middle strategies with concrete real-world examples, huge perform workouts, and a considerate set of pedagogical beneficial properties.

Get Fundamentals of Geomorphology (2nd Edition) PDF

This generally revised and up to date variation maintains to offer an interesting and accomplished advent to the topic, exploring the world’s landforms from a vast platforms viewpoint. It displays at the most up-to-date advancements within the box and contains new chapters on geomorphic fabrics and approaches, hillslopes and altering landscapes.

Additional info for A Reference Grammar of Russian (Reference Grammars)

Sample text

The vowel [†] has a generally similar behavior, except that its natural value for F2 is higher than with [ƒ o⁄ u]⁄ . C o VC o : After a hard consonant before a hard consonant, as in v…h ‘mayor’ [m†r], ;tcn ‘gesture’ [z†st], [†] is a relatively open mid ‹ front vowel, with F1 on the order of 600--700 Hz and F2 approximately 1600--1800 33 34 A Reference Grammar of Russian Fig. 2 vƒnm ‘mother’ [ma5t˛⁄ ] Fig. 3 vz´n ‘crumpled’ [ m˛a 5 t] ⁄ Sounds Fig. 5 [É] in initial position, as in …´nj ‘this’ [†t´], is similarly open.

It is used after prefixes before a soft-vowel letter (≤j,(zcyzk≥ ‘explained’, ≤c(tcnm≥ ‘eat up’) and in some borrowings (≤j,(trn≥ ‘object’, ≤rjy(/yrnehf≥ ‘configuration’). It is a boundary grapheme, indicating that the following soft-vowel letter is to be read as if it began a word -- that is, first comes the consonant (which may or may not be pronounced as palatalized), then [j], then the vowel: ≤jn(tpl≥ [ t˛j†st] ∼ [ to j†st]. The “soft sign” ≤m≥ has greater utility. When no vowel letter follows, ≤m≥ indicates that a preceding mutable consonant is palatalized.

Because [ó] and [u]⁄ have lower values of F2 , the rise of F2 is quite precipitous in anticipation of the palatalized consonant of j vj´lt ‘about fashion’ [ mj´öd˛ ì], ,éhz ‘storm’ [bu5r˛⁄ ´]. C O N T E XT 3: C ¸ VC o : In the third context -- after a soft consonant before hard, as in vz´n ‘crumpled’ [m˛a5t]⁄ (Fig. 3) -- F2 in the initial transition rises very quickly from the previous labial to an early peak of more than 2000 Hz, and then dips to a minimum after the vowel’s midpoint, rising slightly at the end in anticipation of the final hard dental.

Download PDF sample

A Reference Grammar of Russian (Reference Grammars) by Alan Timberlake

by Robert

Rated 4.67 of 5 – based on 45 votes