By Ranko Matasović
Read or Download A Short Grammar of Kabardian PDF
Best linguistics books
A realistic consultant to translation as a occupation, this publication offers every thing translators want to know, from electronic gear to translation concepts, dictionaries in over seventy languages, and resources of translation paintings. it's the most desirable sourcebook for all linguists, utilized by either novices and veterans, and its predecessor, The Translator’s instruction manual, has been praised through a number of the world’s best translators, comparable to Gregory Rabassa and Marina Orellana.
Inside of previous English: Essays in Honour of Bruce Mitchell supplies readers a finished perception into the realm of outdated English.
Consists of a chain of unique essays written by way of favorite experts within the box in honour of the eminent Oxford student, Bruce Mitchell (co-author of the best-selling textbook, A advisor to previous English, sixth variation, Blackwell, 2001).
Encourages readers to interact with the literary, cultural, highbrow, non secular and ancient contexts of outdated English texts.
Explores the issues students face in reading and enhancing outdated English texts.
Highlights the basic secondary literature for every topic.
Each of the members writes in a simple and authoritative variety, drawing out connections among assorted contexts and pointing readers in the direction of the fundamental secondary literature for every subject.
- The Linguistic Structure of Modern English (Not in Series)
- Studies in Syntactic Typology
- Revue de linguistique romane
- Machine Language for Beginners. Machine Language Programming For BASIC Language Programmers
- Children's Language and Communication Difficulties: Understanding, Identification and Intervention (Continuum education)
- The Dialects of Modern German: A Linguistic Survey
Extra resources for A Short Grammar of Kabardian
34 Matasović: A Short Grammar of Kabardian eat", thaśən "to wash (something)" and thaśan "to wash", xən "to reap (something)" and xan "to reap", śəpən "to collect (something)" and śəpan "to collect", ś'ən "to do" and ś'an "to know", ł'ən "to kill" and ł'an "to die"39. g. the suffix -hə-, cf. q'afa-n "to dance" (intransitive), q'afə-hə-n "to dance (a dance around something)" (transitive). g. the verbs hə-n "to carry" and ś'ə-n "to do" are always transitive. If we assume that the basic form of the verb is the one with final stem morpheme -a-, while the form with the morpheme -ə- is derived, then a large majority of Kabardian languages are intransitive.
Also, the order of personal prefixes can be expressed like this42: I: lowest ranking macrorole; II: non-macrorole core argument; III: other macrorole (with transitive verbs this will always be the Actor). -af. In RRG terms, the case assignment rule is completely identical for transitive and intransitive verbs: the lowest ranking macrorole is assigned the nominative case, while all other verb arguments (in this case the indirect object) are assigned the ergative case. Also, the order of verbal prefixes is the same as with transitive verbs: I: the lowest-ranking macrorole (with intransitive verbs this is also the only macrorole); II: non-macrorole core argument; III: other macrorole (this position is not realized with intransitive verbs, since they only have one macrorole).
From the point of view of the abovementioned case assignment rules these verbs present no problem, because their only (and thus also the lowest ranking) macrorole is marked for the Nominative case. e. -af. e. it cannot appear in the form *thamāda-r)43. e. -af. -af. -watch-pl. sa s-aw-płā "I am watching" 1sg. -af. Some intransitive verbs have an "integrated" marker for the 3rd person object; they are "bipersonal" (Rus. dvuxličnye)44, but their indirect object (oblique argument) is always in the 3rd person singular.
A Short Grammar of Kabardian by Ranko Matasović