By Paul Schachter

ISBN-10: 0520049438

ISBN-13: 9780520049437

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Extra info for A Tagalog Reference Grammar

Example text

Among the prefixes that show assimilation are: mang-, pong-, and kasing-; among 1he markers, ang, 11g /naq/, and ku11g. Assimi la ti on is obligatory in the case o f the prefixes, opt ional in the ca se of lhe markers. , the numbers da/owampu /dalawa mpu'/ 'twenty' and dalawa11daa11 /dalawanda'an/ 'two hundred' (from dalawo11g pu and dalawa11g daa11 respect ively); otherwise, assimilation is optional. Where assimilation of Jq/ occurs, it consists or the replacement of /11/ by /mJ before /p/, /bl, /ml, or /f/, by Jn/ before /t/.

They may be designated lllG l l , M I D . and L O W , and symbolized 3,2, and I 1c�pcctl11cly. These pl1ch levels arc 1clallvc; their absolute value varies from speaker to spe:iker, and, for a single speaker, from one utterance to another. Level 2 is approximately at the middle of the individual speaker's normal pitch range for speech; levels 3 and I are one or two notes above and below 2, respectively. The lcavc·taking fomlUla Adyos 'Goodbye' is commonly 2, 1he second starting on pitch 3, and 1hen falling in pitch.

Final syllable itself. Hence, in the unfinished statement 2Krmg gano"on. 'In that case . . ' and in the complete statement 1Mabuti a11g pa11alro11 11ga'yonJ 'The weather is good today', the relative levels of pitch are indicated by the intonation lines below: as -:-:-i-,_r Kung ganoon . . �. final syllable, the contour starts on the syllable after the pitch point and goes on to the end of the utterance. ' there Elements sous droits d'auteur 36 CHAPTER I is a steady fall in pitch from the first syllabic, which is P 1 of a one-point pattern, to the end of the sentence: Just as optional pitch-prominence can be given to certain syllables between P 1 and P2 - see above - so it can be given to certain syllables that are part of a pitch contour.

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A Tagalog Reference Grammar by Paul Schachter

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