By Gerhard P. Willeke, Eicke R. Weber
Advances in Photovoltaics: Part Four presents invaluable info at the demanding situations confronted throughout the transformation of our power offer method to extra effective, renewable energies.
The quantity discusses the subject from an international viewpoint, featuring the newest info on photovoltaics, a cornerstone technology.
It covers all elements of this crucial semiconductor know-how, reflecting at the large and dynamic advances which have been made in this subject considering 1975, while the 1st booklet on sunlight cells-written by way of Harold J. Hovel of IBM-was released as quantity eleven within the now recognized sequence on Semiconductors and Semimetals.
Readers will achieve a behind the curtain examine the continual and fast clinical improvement that results in the required fee and value savings in international commercial mass-production.
- Written via best, the world over identified specialists on his topic
- Provides an in-depth evaluation of the present prestige and views of skinny movie PV technologies
- Discusses the demanding situations confronted in the course of the transformation of our strength provide method to extra effective, renewable energies
- Delves deep into photovoltaics, a cornerstone technolog
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Extra resources for Advances in Photovoltaics: Part 4
2013. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines gerichtet erstarrten Materialk€ orpers, insbesondere eines Metall- oder Halbmetallk€ orpers, sowie Verwendungen hiervon. 2013. , 1994. Crystal growth by floating zone melting. J. ), Handbook of Crystal Growth vol. 2. Elsevier Science Publishers, North-Holland, Amsterdam, London, New York, Tokyo, pp. 213–257. , 1992. Smithells Metals Reference Book, seventh ed. , London. , 2005. Refining of metallurgical grade silicon. US 6,861,040 B1. , 1976. The dissolution rate of fused silica in molten silicon.
In the following years, it was rather quiet about mono-like growth, until 2011/2012, when a huge hype started and Silicon Crystallization Technologies 43 all the major ingot manufacturers came up with mono-like ingots, and consequently, modules based on mono-like wafers. net/Reports/Downloads/2012) forecasted that by 2020, mono-like will be the predominant growth technology with a total market share of all crystalline silicon of 50%. The benefits seemed too tempting: – Existing equipment can be used and only minor modifications might be required in order to realize a flat solid–liquid interface.
32 Peter Dold Figure 15 After the growth process, the ingot is squared and wafered. The side slabs, the top, and the tail are recycled. especially for boron-doped wafers in order to counteract LID (light-induced degradation due to formation of boron–oxygen complexes). On the other hand, the installation of a magnet increases the equipment costs substantially. With the small margin ingot manufacturers are confronted with at the moment, magnetic fields are not really an option. The improvement in quality is not justifying the cost.
Advances in Photovoltaics: Part 4 by Gerhard P. Willeke, Eicke R. Weber