By May Ahmar

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G ƒaÎfi ô¶fG Impartiality / Nonpartisanship Dealing with matters in a fair unbiased manner. It is the operational expression of neutrality. OÉ«pM áª∏μd á«fÓª©dG IQÉÑ©dG Imperiali Quota Sometimes used in largest remainder PR electoral systems to determine how seats are awarded. The quota is ascertained by the following formula: total vote divided by the number of seats plus two. 2 ~FGR ,~YÉ≤ŸG An illegal practice which consists of assuming to be someone else with a view to voting in his/her place.

The system is in use at all levels of politics, typically for single-member districts. á«FÉ¡f áé«àf ÉJGƒ°UCG ÌcCÓd RƒØdG First Preference ∫hCq G QÉ«àNG Focus Group õ«cÎdG áYƒª› Preference is an order-ranking, not a number. A method of sociological research in which a small group of people are brought together and asked a series of questions. The point is to receive qualitative information about public attitudes and test reactions to various messages and information. See Political Polling. áYƒæàe 33 Formal Vote Formal Vote - Full list /∫ƒ°UC’G Ö°ùM ´GÎbG »ª°SQ ´GÎbG A vote cast in an election or a referendum that has been marked according to the rules for that election.

HÉîàf’G äÉYGõædGh äÉaÓÿG á÷É©e Any dispute related to the electoral process. á«HÉîàf’G á«∏ª©dÉH ≥∏©àe ±ÓN …CG Geographic area delimited for electoral purpose. Also -Constituency. á«HÉîàfG Payments made by political campaigns for goods or services intended to influence the outcome of an election. äÉHÉîàf’G Electoral Law The law or body of law and regulations governing the electoral process. äÉHÉîàf’G á«∏ªY ≈∏Y Electoral List/ Electoral Roll/ Voter’s List A list of names and other relevant details of persons who meet the eligibility requirements to vote.

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An English-Arabic Translator’s Guide to Election Terminology by May Ahmar

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