By Raphael Lefevre
Whilst the convulsions of the Arab Spring first grew to become show up in Syria in March 2011, the Ba'athist regime was once speedy in charge the protests at the "Syrian Muslim Brotherhood" and its "al-Qaeda affiliates." yet who're those Islamists so decided to rule a post-Assad Syria?
Little has been released on militant Islam in Syria on account that Hafez Assad's regime destroyed the Islamist flow in its stronghold of Hama in February 1982. This e-book bridges that hole via delivering readers with the 1st accomplished account of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood's background to date.
In this ground-breaking account of Syria's such a lot favorite, but hugely secretive, Islamist corporation, the writer attracts on formerly untapped assets: the memoirs of former Syrian jihadists; British and American records; and in addition a sequence of wide-ranging interviews with the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood's old leaders in addition to those that battled opposed to them--many talking at the list for the 1st time. Ashes of Hama uncovers the most important features of the Islamist fight: from the Brotherhood's radicalisation and its "jihad" opposed to the Ba'athist regime and next exile, to a brilliant comeback on the leading edge of the Syrian revolution in 2011--a notable turnaround for an Islamist flow which all analysts had reported lifeless amid the ruins of Hama in 1982.
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Extra info for Ashes of Hama: The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria
The internal wrangling inside the incumbent party, coupled with repeated student strikes and the defeat in the 1948 war against Israel, quickly led to a severe deterioration of the political atmosphere, leading the government to resign in November 1948. A few months later, in March 1949, Colonel Husni az-Zaim mounted a coup. Az-Zaim disbanded all political parties—including, in May 1949, the Ikhwan—and implemented a series of secularist reforms before he was ousted from power in August 1949 by Colonel Sami Hinnawi, who promised to restore civilian government and parliamentary democracy in Syria.
13 However, while the Syrian Brotherhood directly benefited from the 24 ISLAM AND DEMOCRACY organizational lessons drawn from the original Egyptian Ikhwan, the necessarily heterogeneous nature of the Syrian organization—both regionally and ideologically—would ultimately mean that any attempt on the part of one sub-group to seize the leadership over the others would lead to internal crisis (see Chapter 5). The Syrian branch of the Ikhwan also looked to its Egyptian sister for ideological inspiration.
Michel Aflaq and Salah Eddine al-Bittar, for their part, founded the Ba’ath (“renaissance”) Party which originally centered its platform around the idea of Arab unity before giving it a populist and socialist spin by allying with Akram al-Hawrani’s forces in February 1953. While the Ba’ath’s socialist rhetoric was challenged by Khalid Bakdash’s Syrian Communist Party and Antun Sa’adah’s Syrian Social Nationalist Party, the pro-Palestinian rhetoric it displayed, which stemmed naturally from its Arabist ideology, found itself in competition with the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood’s harsh attacks on Israel and plea for Islamic unity.
Ashes of Hama: The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria by Raphael Lefevre