By David Damas
In Bountiful Island a huge Arctic pupil turns his eye on Micronesia: the small and remoted atoll of Pingelap in Micronesia lies in a damp climatic belt which inspires ample flora, together with such foodstuff vegetation as coconuts, breadfruit and taro. during this targeted exam of land-tenure practices within the atoll, David Damas argues that the ensuing excessive point of subsistence has introduced a diffusion of the inhabitants which has placed nice pressures on land. below those pressures, land tenure has moved from communal utilization to lineage regulate, to person possession and transmission rights. Comparative fabric from neighbouring Mwaekil atoll exhibits a similar normal succession from higher to smaller devices of tenure with expanding inhabitants. whereas regulate of land through family teams is common within the Pacific, different atoll societies convey examples of person tenure which additionally relate to alterations in inhabitants densities.
next depopulation and emigration haven't altered the basics of the land-tenure process yet have resulted in the emergence of a trend of land stewardship. This has led to imbalances among the holdings of resident cultivators and people of absentee landowners.
Comparative fabric from neighbouring Mwaekil atoll shows an analogous common succession from higher to smaller devices of tenure with expanding inhabitants. whereas keep an eye on of land by means of family members teams is common within the Pacific, different atoll societies convey examples of person tenure which additionally relate to adjustments in inhabitants densities.
Bountiful Island might be of curiosity to all anthropologists learning cross-cultural comparisons within the thought of land-tenure practices and the ethnology, social anthropology and ethnohistory of Micronesia. This publication can also be appropriate for senior undergraduate and graduate classes in cultural ecology and zone classes at the Pacific.
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Extra info for Bountiful Island: A Study of Land Tenure on a Micronesian Atoll
This could mean two such expeditions. In the time of the fourth nahnmariki a typhoon is supposed to have occurred which not only reduced the population to 30, but also ended the first royal line. From the fifth nahnmariki, Mwungesamarou, who is generally agreed to have been a Kosraen, through the sixteenth, there is considerable controversy among Hurd's (1977: 43-51), Morton's (Morton et al. 1973: 319-21), and my own informants as to the island origin of the various chiefs. One version has these chiefs forming a dynasty of Kosraens who were expelled after a battle, perhaps in the early or mid-eighteenth century.
Flooding was accomplished by digging a channel from the lagoon to allow invasion of salt water. " Eventually their share of the patch shrunk even further to its present limit because of the poor condition of the soil. When the men of Lepier saw that they were losing in the competition they were angered, and a fight ensued in which the main protagonists were the two kounen kousapw(s). The head man of Lehpung is reported to have been very strong and had a left hand with six fingers. He is said to have hit the other with a stick and then flown up into a coconut tree, and afterwards fell down into the section of the village called Mweniap as a ghost.
This informant thought that the confusion over Gilbertese and Kosraen dynasties comes from garbling of the usage "Delawan," which some informants interpreted as "Tarawan," or inhabitant of the home atoll of the Gilbertese who were reputed to have landed on Pingelap. His own translation of the term is derived from two words, dela or "to come or go" and wa "canoe," and refers to any foreigner. In view of the much stronger cultural and linguistic ties with Pohnpei than with either Kosrae or the Gilberts (Morton et al.
Bountiful Island: A Study of Land Tenure on a Micronesian Atoll by David Damas